The Reuven Bar-On EQi Assessment Tool, MBTI and DiSC

The Reuven Bar-On EQi Assessment Tool
The BarOn EQ-i® Assessment tool is based on over 20 years of research by Dr. Reuven Bar-On and tested on over 85,000 individuals worldwide. It measures emotionally and socially intelligent behavior as reported by respondents. Dr. Bar-On’s definition of Emotional Intelligence is ” an array of non-cognitive (emotional and social) capabilities, competencies and skills that influence one’s ability to succeed in coping with environmental demands and pressures.”

BarOn EQ-i® 125 consists of 125 items and includes four validity indices and a sophisticated correction factor rendering scores for the following components:

  • Intrapersonal
    (Self-Regard, Emotional Self-Awareness, Assertiveness, Independence, and Self-Actualization)
  • Interpersonal
    (Empathy, Social Responsibility, and Interpersonal Relationship)
  • Stress Management
    (Stress Tolerance and Impulse Control)
  • Adaptability
    (Reality Testing, Flexibility, and Problem Solving)
  • General Mood Scale
    (Optimism and Happiness)



Created by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Briggs, they developed their model and inventory around the ideas and theories of psychologist Carl Jung, a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and a leading exponent of Gestalt personality theory.

 The MBTI® indicator is based on 20 years of research and is one of the most widely-used psychometric profiles world-wide. It describes 16 types of people. Your “type” consists of four letters that represent your four preferences. It is not a test, therefore, there is no right or wrong style. The Indicator questions deal with the way you like to use your perception and judgment-the way you gather information and make decisions. There are four separate preference scales and two opposite preferences on each scale. The four scales describe where you like to focus your attention (E or I), the way you gather information (S or N), the way you make decisions (T or F), and how you deal with the outer world (J or P).

The four dichotomies are as follows:

E (Extraversion) means that you probably relate more easily to the outer world of people and things than to the inner world of ideas.

I (Introversion) means that you probably relate more easily to the inner world of ideas than to the outer world of people and things.

S (Sensing) means that you probably would rather work with known facts than look for possibilities and relationships.

N (iNtuition) means that you probably would rather look for possibilities and relationships than work with known facts.

T (Thinking) means that you probably base your judgments more on impersonal analysis and logic than on personal values.

F (Feeling) means that you probably base your judgments more on personal values than on impersonal analysis and logic.

J (Judging) means that you probably like a planned, decided, orderly way of life better than a flexible, spontaneous way.

P (Perceiving) means that you probably like a flexible, spontaneous way of life better than a planned, decided orderly way.

 The Myers-Briggs (MBTI) tool be used for

Developing Self Awareness: Having knowledge of our preference type develops our self awareness and an understanding of the differing personalities of those around us. We learn to recognize different styles in each person and develop a greater tolerance for different preferences and ways of working. It encourages us to focus positively on our strengths and understand development needs.

Building Strong Relationships: Knowing your MBTI type and that of others in your life can help you appreciate and improve the quality of relationships with your colleagues, boss and direct reports, as well as family, friends and partners.




DiSC is a model of human behavior that helps to understand “why people do what they do.” The dimensions of Dominance, influencing, Steadiness, and Conscientiousness make up the model and interact with other factors to describe human behavior.

Each of us has developed a distinct way of thinking, feeling and acting which becomes our behavioral style. Our unique patterns distinguish us from one another, and express our individual identities just like our thumbprint. Each DiSC style has great strengths, and potential limitations if overused.



Effective Traits:
Direct, Self Assured, Gets Results
Ineffective Traits:
Dictatorial, Demanding, Sarcastic

Effective Traits:
People Oriented, Persuasive
Ineffective Traits:
Talks too much, Lacks Focus



Effective Traits:
Accurate, Detail Oriented
Ineffective Traits:
Perfectionistic, Accurate, Critical

Effective Traits:
Listener, Loyal, Consistent
Ineffective Traits:
Indecisive, resists change



The true essence of DiSC is learning about behavioral diversity and Emotional Intelligence.    Individuals can learn to adapt their behavior, and move from judging those who are different from themselves to honoring, valuing and respecting others.

It is practicing the three A’s of Enlightenment:
Acknowledge, Accept and Appreciate differences.

“Different = Different – Different isn’t wrong.”  









The original DiSC model was originally based on the 1928 work of Dr. William Moulton Marston at Columbia University.   
The four quadrant behavioral model was developed to examine the behavior of individuals within their environmentally specific situation.   DiSC looks at behavioral styles and behavioral preferences.  It was Marston’s 1928 book,
“The Emotions of Normal People,” which introduced the DiSC model to the public.  Marston, a contemporary of Carl Jung, defined four categories of human behavior style, type, or temperament which are Dominance, Influence (Inducement), Stability (Submission) and Compliant, Conscientious or Caution.   Marston used compliance.

Even though Marston developed the D.I.S.C model, the DISC test or assessment, to prove his theory of the emotions of people within their environment, he never copyrighted his disc profile test.   Thus DISC is available in the public domain.

Later, the work of Marston was researched and updated by Dr. John Geier and Inscape Publishing at the University of Minnesota. The DiSC model and its complimentary assessment tools have helped over 50 million people in 20+ languages over the last 40 years.

As an added bit of trivia, Marston is known in many circles for his work in developing the lie detector test.  He was also the creator, writer and producer of “Wonder Woman” which introduced into comic strips, the role model of a strong female.



 For many curious, just like me high C styles, the lower case “i” in DiSC is an Inscape, trademark – originally a printers error.   Being flexible and adaptable, Inscape, Carlson Learning Company, Performax decided to copyright the mistake and create their version of DiSC, using the small i. So if your version doesn’t have a lower case “i” it is not from Inscape.



Author: Shalini Verma

Hi ! I am Shalini Verma and I help people to Achieve continuous inspiration and success , aid them to FREE energy from patterns and programmes that no longer serve them , partner with them to CREATE energy by putting into place regular work and life practices that are inspiring and sustaining and to MOBILIZE energy by taking intentional action into new oppurtunities and adventures . If you are ready to make inspiration and success your daily reality......then we are ready to go !

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